Pregnancy, what feels the fetus in the womb

The fetus can start to feel the caress of mom and dad to the baby bump after the 20th week. Around the 26th instead begins to perceive the light out of the belly. Towards the 30th finally can hear the voice of the parents and it is better not to expose to loud noises.

After 20 weeks the fetus can feel the caress of Mum and Dad

“The first of the five senses to develop is touch” shows Rosanna Apa, Associate Professor at the Institute of Gynecology-obstetrics at the Catholic University of Sacred Heart in Rome. “To tell the truth, to develop first are the cutaneous receptors of touch, that at eight weeks begin to appear around the mouth, around the 12th all over the face, the palms of the hands, the soles of the foot, and then gradually extend over the whole body before the 28th week. Because the stresses are really tactile perceived by the child, however, it is also necessary that mature nerve pathways, which have the task of carrying stimuli to the brain: their development starts from the first weeks, but we have to wait for the complete maturation the 30th week, “said the gynecologist.


So when the child begins to feel pleasurable or painful stimuli? “The process is gradual, but it can be said that during the second quarter of the sensations become less confusing and more refined. The confirmation comes from premature infants, who seem to react to tactile stimuli already in early ages, “says Apa. When the baby from the belly is able to feel the caress of Mom and Dad? “You have to wait at least 20 weeks, a time when you begin to feel the first movements of the baby: with the passing of the weeks, his perceptions will always be sharper and its reactions more and more visible, so that just put a hand on a ledge of the belly to see it change position, “says the doctor. Continue reading

Colds babies and toddlers, tips and care

The children, up to a certain age, they breathe only through your nose, then it may be clogged they find particularly annoying , “says Mario Quattrone, family pediatrician. “The discomfort for newborns can be felt especially during the feedings or during sleep, which, on account of the obstruction of the upper airways, may be interspersed with small apneas. Not yet able to blow your nose, the only ‘weapon’ to them is sneezing, with which they try to expel secretions. ” How can we help? That’s the advice of the pediatrician.

Humidify environments
The air too dry and hot for some indoor dry mucous membranes and promotes the formation of crusts, plugging even more the nose then adjusts the thermostat to the radiator temperatures and reasonable endeavors humidifiers for rooms, at least in the room where he sleeps the little one.


Lift the mattress
Place a pillow under the mattress of his bed: sleep with your head slightly elevated is better to drain the secretions.

Keep your nose clean
Several times a day, especially before feeding and bedtime, do the nasal washes with saline or sea water: there are marketing practices that single-dose vials or spray, instilled in the nostrils, helps to eliminate the stagnant mucus. You can also use a small syringe without needle and the solution of physiological water (buy pharmacy and cheap). Put the baby on the legs first on one side and then the other and inject the solution. From the water enters one nostril and out the other. Very effective (if you can hold the baby) even nasal aspirators, connected to a nozzle through which the mother gently sucks the mucus from his nostrils. Continue reading

Insomnia in children: pediatricians recommend the pattern

Insomnia in children is a common talk. More than one million children and adolescents between 3 and 14 years suffer from insomnia. Pediatricians recommend the rule of the “five senses” to sleep better. To satisfy sight, smell, touch, taste and hearing.

The rule of the 5 senses to help sleep

In more than eight out of ten cases insomnia is not a real disease, but is caused by bad habits held during the day and before going to sleep.

To help your child sleep, here are the directions of pediatricians tailored to the under-14 E ‘necessary, however, that the child goes to bed early, no later than 21 . When in fact, the children take much longer to fall asleep and wake up more frequently during the night.

1 – View

Turn off your tablet, computer and TV around the 20 or at least an hour before going to bed. “The light of the electronic alter the production of melatonin , the hormone that helps the rest, “says Mele.

2 – Taste

No dinners heavy and high in fat. Better prefer the consumption of foods that stimulate the production of serotonin (eg, chicken, eggs, fish and milk). Yes the cup of milk before going to sleep.

3 – Tatto

The pajamas must not be too heavy and the temperature of the room should be around 18 degrees.

4 – Smell

Do you often change the sheets so that they are fresh and fragrant. The lavender helps you relax and lower your heart rate. So it may be helpful to use detergents or perfumes made ​​of lavender.

5 – Hearing

“At least 30 minutes before putting the kids to bed, the house should slip into the silence , “says Mele. And if you live in a noisy area, you can use a homogeneous background sound such as a fan or a dehumidifier. It is essentially a background noise with its homogeneity and continuity helps the brain to not hear other sounds, thereby reducing the hassle of any sudden noises outside and the risk of nocturnal awakenings.

The Mother’s childhood influences the response to infant crying

Who has had a happy childhood, is more resistant to infant crying. This is what has emerged from a study published in the journal Child Development. The negative experiences, however, can be overcome and you can learn how to keep stress at bay. Mother’s childhood definitely influences the reaction to infant crying.

The type of response that has a mother in front of a crying baby or your child may be influenced by his childhood memories. This is confirmed by a study conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina along with colleagues at Fuller Theological Seminary and Hebrew University of Jerusalem and published in the journal Child Development.


The research involved 259 mothers from pregnancy until the sixth month of life of the child. E ‘showed that mothers who have had a positive experience during childhood and even those who were able to overcome negative experiences had a reaction more serene and engaging against the movies of babies crying. And in return, responded in a more sensitive towards the needs of their child.

The mothers instead with a history of depression behind and with difficulty controlling their emotions responded to the video focusing on themselves and less crying babies. And they were also less sensitive towards their children. Continue reading

Cesarean delivery: when you really need

A suspicion of fetal distress, two or more previous caesarean delivery sections, malposition of the fetus, placenta previa. When you have to resort to a cesarean section? When it is not necessary? Respond gynecologist Stefano Bianchi.Stefano Bianchi, Director of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the Hospital San Giuseppe di Milano and associate professor at the University of Milan, answers to common questions about cesarean delivery and when it is practiced.


We resort to caesarean section if there is a suspicion of fetal distress during labor; if there were already two or more previous cesarean sections or major interventions were made ​​on the uterus (eg. For the removal of a fibroid large); in case of malposition of the fetus: The most frequent case is that of breech presentation; when the placenta is over, that is placed between the child and the uterine orifice, thus prevent the passage of the fetus; if there is a prolapse of the umbilical cord, which could block the flow of blood to the baby during labor; When the mother’s pelvis is too small, or rather there is a real disproportion between the size of the baby and the mother’s pelvis; if they are two twins and at least one is in the breech position or not cephalic. It goes without saying that in the event of a multiple birth, cesarean section is a must.

It does not constitute instead an indication for elective cesarean: a disease such as myopia, a herniated disc, or hemorrhoids. “In cases not strictly pertaining to midwifery, the situation must be evaluated by a specialist reference in collaboration with the obstetrician, to assess whether the conditions that make it inevitable cesarean” warns gynecologist. Similarly, it is not correct to opt for a C-section since the early months of pregnancy if there are no valid medical indications.

The stork arrives on vacation

The link between vacation and conception? Exist. The couple on vacation are more relaxed and have more time to devote to them. And in Britain there is a new trend: the tendency to conceive a baby on vacation in the footsteps of celebrities. A new mother of 5 English came home pregnant.

What link is there between holidays and conception? As explained by Paola Vinciguerra, psychotherapist and President, European Association Disorders, Panic there is “a strong link between body and mind. Easily happens that the couples on vacation are more relaxed and lead a healthier life. Vacationing the couple has a greater ability to focus on their own needs and this definitely helps to make us feel again accomplices and united. This advance in the physical and emotional state promotes sexual desire, which in everyday life is frequently suppressed by fatigue, by poor communication and also by the lack of time to fill.


The better the sex, the more likely you are to conceive

And do sex without anxiety and stress, as it was the first time , it helps. Another study, in this case the University of Sheffield, has found that a fulfilling sex life without worries and increases the chance of having a baby soon. If you are looking for a child, the sex of routine, mechanism, does not make certain good. The better the sex, the better your chances of conception. The data say that a normal man produces about 250 million sperm during sex, but through more excitement, you can increase this figure by as much as 50%, and enhance the quality of the sperm. The same goes for the female orgasm. When the eggs become more intense “fertilization” by the sperm. Continue reading

Eight symptoms of pregnancy

Am I pregnant or just have a delay? If you doubt whether you’ve stayed in the state, the best you can do is go to the gynecologist or get tested for pregnancy. It is the best way to be sure. Nevertheless, on that point are some symptoms of pregnancy that you can watch yourself in your day to day, and may suggest that you have been in a commonwealth.

1. Delayed menstruation. If your menstrual cycle is regular and suddenly is delayed, you must be careful. It may be a simple delay of no importance, but it could also be the first sign that you’ve been pregnant .

2. Small blood loss. A few women leaves them a bit of blood from the vagina about twelve days after conception. It is a very small amount and does not last more than a couple of days. No one knows for sure what the reason for this slight loss of blood, but it could be due to implantation of the fertilized egg in the uterus. If this happens, you should consult your gynecologist .


3. urination frequently. Starting at six weeks of pregnancy can you start to feel like to urinate more frequently. The main reason is that during pregnancy increases the amount of blood and fluids that circulate through the body and kidneys work harder.

4. abdominal swelling. Hormonal changes that take place at the start of pregnancy may leave you feeling bloated, similar to the days before the arrival of the period form. Continue reading

Changes and symptoms during the first month of pregnancy

Hello there! Equally we recognize that getting pregnant is one of the most beautiful stages that we can exist as adult females, We desire to unite you and help you resolve all questions that appear in these months, it is important that you enjoy this very sweet moment, that you care for you and let spoil. First month of pregnancy is very crucial.

It is the most important month, though it may not know you’re pregnant, if not, plan it, you may not suffer symptoms that betray you’re pregnant, but it is probable that whatever symptoms they suffer particularly in nausea and regurgitation. Nevertheless, the most important symptom is the absence of rule, when in the fourth or fifth week down period will not be your indication that you are pregnant.

Symptoms in the first month of pregnancy

The symptoms you will experience will grow as the days go past. Here we have the main symptoms and discomforts that can suffer in this first month of pregnancy :

- Dolores : Maybe the first few weeks of pregnancy feel pains in parts of your body, especially the breasts, they become more tender and will gradually increase in size, you will also discover that the paps are taking one more color dark.

- Nausea and vomiting : Begin the discomforts of morning sickness and feel like vomiting are early symptoms that suggest a potential pregnancy.

Changes in the baby

During the inaugural month of gestation is not yet talking about the fetus, after fertilization, the fertilized egg will take shape, but it will be weeks until it takes on form and its organs begin to break. During the first four weeks of pregnancy the embryo that will turn your child already has heart beats an average of 150 pounds per minute, it will take weeks, until you can find out, but it is significant to know that as your heart pumps.

How to Prevent Postpartum Depression

A common concern for pregnant women is postpartum depression. There are several ways to prevent it you can put in place to prevent it to happen. There are three ways to prevent depression after childbirth : early detection of the disorder, treat it quickly and avoid its consequences. Here are some tips:

• Do not try to be a superwoman. Having a child requires a full-time, so it would be desirable to have few commitments and will try to have time for him. It is important you have available one or more trusted persons who can leave the child if necessary. Do not be afraid to ask for help.

• Rest whenever you can. Learn to take naps when someone can meet the baby or is resting.

• Eat properly. Vegetables, fresh fruit, milk, cereals and oily fish should not miss in your diet.

• Find time to acquaint yourself with your partner . Before recovering sexual desire, you must take care of the physical approach.

• Distract yourself. seeks to find opportunities to go shopping, see a movie at the cinema, going to dinner with your partner or walk with your child.


• Interact with other couples who are also expecting a child. So you can share experiences and concerns.

• If you needed, you can attend sessions after delivery and support groups for breastfeeding . You will find support and understanding.

• Try not to make changes in your life such as a move. The arrival of the child and will be a radical change, so it is best to avoid too many things come together.

If you’ve suffered postpartum depression, does not mean you have another with the next pregnancy . Yet in this case it is important that you contact your doctor to monitor the possible occurrence of any sign that apparent.

Employment rights of pregnant

Following the recent decision of the Constitutional Court, dated October 10, 2013, which dictates that the protection of pregnant workers against dismissal can not extend the probationary period, except when fundamental rights are violated, there has been some uncertainty on the employment status of the same. Led by ABA Lawyers, and based on their experience, we explain some basic points to keep in mind by all those working women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant soon.


The company may dismiss a worker in all cases, whether they are pregnant, enjoying breastfeeding leave, reduced hours or leave to care for a child. The difference between dismissing a blurry worker during the first nine months after the birth of the child or while enjoying a reduction in working hours, and another that is not in any of these situations is that in the first case, if the dismissal was unjustified, would be zero. In this case, the company would be required to reinstate the worker to his job, once the court recognize the illegality of dismissal without possibility (unless otherwise agreed), replacing the returns under the payment of compensation. In all other cases, the dismissal would be inappropriate, so the company should pay the compensation.

There is no obligation to notify the company that the employee is pregnant. Thus, in the case of unjustified dismissal, it would be zero, regardless of whether or not the company know their status, so that the worker is entitled to reinstatement in their jobs. Continue reading