The Apgar Test is a quick test that is done to the baby to assess his general state of health at birth. Know how the evaluated parameters are scored and how the results are interpreted.
What is the Apgar test?
The Apgar Test is a quick test that is done to the newborn to get an assessment of your general health status as soon as you reach the world. It is performed in the first and fifth minutes after birth. If the pediatrician sees it as necessary the examination will be done again at the tenth minute.
The Apgar test evaluates five parameters: respiratory effort, heart rate, muscle tone, reflexes and skin color giving a score of 2, 1 or 0 points, depending on the vitality of the newborn. In this way, adding the values given in these parameters, the newborn will get a certain score, with 0 being the lowest score and 10 being the highest score.
In the first minute, the Apgar Test is used to know how the baby has tolerated the delivery process as well as to guide the medical care of the newborn in the delivery room to the professional who performs it. While the minute 5 tells you, how the baby is adapting to the extra uterine life. Therefore is more important as an indicator or prognosis of the baby’s health.
It was designed by the anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar who developed several studies to avoid suffocation reduces mortality in newborns something that a half century later, has achieved more. Although its creator calls it so, it is also used as an acronym or mnemonic to remember the parameters that it evaluates Appearance Pulse Gesticulation Activity Breathing.