Today we stop in our space dedicated to pregnancy and children, at the time of delivery, but not focused specifically from the point of view of the mother, but from the baby. We will see the care of the newborn in the delivery room.
Immediately after birth the baby proceeds to cut and clamp the umbilical cord has been the link between the fetus and mother and has served to carry oxygen and food necessary to developing organs of the fetus.
From this time the baby must make itself the functions of respiration and nutrition and other vital functions. Subsequently performed a series of maneuvers basic care and newborn care.
This series of newborn care in the delivery room aims to facilitate adaptation to the external environment baby and practiced routinely. Among these maneuvers we have to remove secretions from the mouth and nose to facilitate breathing.
Shall also encourage the baby, as well as dry and cover it so that it retains heat. Another baby care offered is currently administering an antibiotic ointment in both eyes to prevent neonatal conjunctivitis.
Also, within the care they have with our baby, we will proceed to administer a dose of intramuscular vitamin K. With the administration of this dose which is intended to prevent so-called hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.
Among the care of the newborn in the delivery room is essential to identify the baby through an appropriate method and consensual. This procedure may vary depending on the health center, but it is always mandatory.
At the same time to be doing these basic actions of care and newborn care, it procedure likewise analyze your health and assess whether the baby correctly matches the outside half way. This is indicated by the Apgar score.
The Apgar score is a clinical test that causes no discomfort to the baby. It takes place in the first few minutes old newborn on a routine and allows a rapid assessment in the delivery room of the overall health of the baby.
In this test, we can include in the care of the newborn in the delivery room, they will estimate a total of five aspects or clinical parameters thereof, muscle tone, heart rate, breathing, skin color and mucous membranes and the response to stimuli.
Each of these parameters is measured from zero to two points, with zero score is very upset with one if you are slightly altered and two points if normal. Then it proceeds to add up the scores obtained for each parameter.
As can be deduced, considering that there are five parameters, the maximum value that can be obtained is ten points, but considers that the situation is optimal when the sum is greater than seven points, if less means that the baby’s condition is not suitable for that time and requires resuscitation.