Children with mothers who have taken little iodine in pregnancy risk an IQ lower in language and reading. He showed a study published in the journal Lancet. But in Italy there are few doctors who prescribe for pregnant women iodized salt. More iodine to the mothers, children smarter. L or iodine, in fact, is an essential element for brain development in the fetus and even mild deficiency can cause adverse effects in psychomotor and cognitive development in children. The issue was addressed during the 70th National Congress of Pediatrics in Palermo.
It turned out that the the children of those who, during the inspection, had shown a mild to moderate iodine deficiency in the first trimester of gestation, they would then shown at age 8 an increased risk of low IQ score with regard to the performance related to language, to reading and reading comprehension, compared to their peers of mothers with normal levels of iodine in pregnancy.
Yet according to a ‘National Institute of Health survey of 2012 family doctors are not very knowledgeable on the issue of the lack of iodine in . Only 23% know the recommendation of the Ministry of Health on iodized salt and the Law on professional, 45.6% know only the recommendation or the law and only 31.1% do not know neither the recommendation nor the law.
Only 22.9% of physicians recommend iodized salt in place of common salt in all patients and pregnant women ” , says De Luca. “The law 55/05, which approved interventions professional in Italy dates back to 2005 but remains essentially disregarded,” he concludes, “and in our country there are still pockets of endemic deficiency: a state of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency persisted in many regions in 2011 Italian, especially those in the South. ”