Before she is born, a woman already has all the eggs she will have to have children and during her life. She will undergo a continuous physiological process of diminishing her ovarian reserve, which there is no way to stop. The quantity of eggs is reduced and their quality.
We could define the ovarian reserve as the capacity that our ovaries still have to function correctly which is why it is a very used concept in assisted reproduction. Thus, it is fundamental to perform a reproductive prognosis. Even more so if one is going to resort to some treatment, to be able to individualize it according to this characteristic of the patient.
Why does our ovarian reserve decrease?
The woman when she is born has about two million eggs. Which stay at about 400,000 when she goes to puberty and begins to ovulate? Throughout its reproductive life, it will ovulate about 400-500 times at most. With each ovulation, hundreds of ovules are started but only one is selected, and the rest are degenerated and lost. When the eggs are exhausted the woman enters the period we call menopause. In addition, as the egg reserve is depleted its quality decreases explains Dr.
Time runs counter to female fertility remember the so popular expression you are passing the rice so that. If a woman wants to become pregnant naturally, she should keep in mind that being a mother from the 35 Years is becoming increasingly difficult. Although at present, it is not uncommon to start motherhood at these ages.
Although age is the most relevant cause, ovarian aging can affect other factors: ovarian cysts surgical procedures on the ovaries, various autoimmune diseases. Some chemotherapy treatments may also to reduce the reserve of ovarian. Thus, women of the same age may have a slightly higher or somewhat lower ovarian reserve. Of course, whatever the cause, what has to be clear is that this situation is irreversible and that the ovarian reserve cannot be recovered.