Healthy diet, weight control, physical activity, sun exposure, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, no stress, smoking, and alcohol and yes to medical examinations at least once a year. Valeria gynecologist Sacco Hospital in Milan, explains what are the behaviors that promote fertility in both men and women. When a couple plans to expand the family and have a baby often collides with the reality that this does not come at once, as it was expected. For this reason it is important that prospective parents have a lifestyle that promotes fertility.
Be careful not to be overweight: obesity affects the fertility of both the woman and man. An excess weight impairs both the production of eggs that sperm. N woman she in fact obesity can cause hormonal changes and adulatory cycles (no ovulation). In most obese women often suffer the syndrome of polycystic ovaries, a metabolic disease that causes difficulty in conception. In men, the situation is more complex, but certainly an excess of adipose tissue leads to increased synthesis of estrogen, which reduces the sperm production. Furthermore it was observed that obese men are often inserted in infertile couples.
And be careful also not to be underweight: you are likely to blow ovulation. A weight considerably below the standard, with a quantity of adipose tissue less than 10% relative to its weight, impairs the production of hormones, blasting ovulation. Not for nothing one of the first signs that it has fallen below the ‘trigger level’ is precisely the lack of menstruation, as if the body has not communicated that stored fat enough to initiate a pregnancy. The low weight can also affect male fertility?
Stop smoking: in fact the smoke interferes with ovulation and reduced sperm. And one of the main enemies of fertility, both male and female. “It a fact that women who smoke have a risk of infertility by 60% higher than women who do not smoke, “notes the gynecologist. “Smoking anticipates the menopause up to 4 years, reduces the motility of cilia ted cells of the fallopian tubes (which have the task of promoting sperm transport to the terminal zone of the tube, where conception occurs), increases free radical production causes a inadequate hormones that interfere with ovulation; humans instead reduces parthenogenesis and decreases the concentration of sperm in the semen.