A teenage pregnancy creates physical consequences for the mother and can also affect the baby’s development inside and outside the belly. Of course it is possible that an infant child of a teenage mother is healthy and developing normally, but there are some risks. Fortunately, many potential consequences that affect the baby’s development can be prevented with proper nutrition and prenatal care.
The Department of Extension Ohio State University indicates that a pregnant teen needs more nutrients than an adult in the same condition, as your body is still growing, needs nutrients for her and the baby, not to cause a additional stress to the body. Moms adolescents need to eat more than one serving of almost all food groups to provide adequate nutrition for your baby, this means that a day should consume four servings of dairy products, meat or chicken three, four servings of fruits, vegetables five to ten servings of bread or cereal.
Prenatal care allows health care adequately measure the development of the fetus in the womb. If you perform regular checkups and ultrasounds can immediately detect any problems you have the baby. Adolescents do not care too pregnant to seek early and consistent prenatal care, and if this creates complications in the development, not be detected in time.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome occurs when the fetus is affected by the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol is transmitted through the placenta and can cause physical defects and mental future. A baby born with FAS may weigh less than a baby without any condition, and remain underweight throughout his life. You can also have a malformation of the face, heart problems or mental retardation. The Department of Extension Ohio State University states that the number of alcoholic women of childbearing age is increasing, especially among adolescents.
Premature birth and mortality
Babies born to mothers’ adolescents are more likely to be born prematurely, before 37 weeks gestation. According to the Kids Health website, a premature baby is more prone to problems as periods of neap in which breathing stops because the area of the brain that controls breathing is immature. You can also have a delay to reach the normal stages of development. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention determined that there is a higher rate of infant mortality among infants born to mothers adolescents.
Babies born to teen pregnancy may be more likely to experience chronic health problems throughout his life. It is very likely to have low birth weight, because their mothers teens tend to smoke during pregnancy.