Pregnancy causes a lot of changes in the body of a woman who is prepared to grow and feed a baby. Hormones cause most of these changes in the estrogen being one of the most important. Estrogen contributes not only to maintain pregnancy by progesterone, but also other vital areas of the development and regulation of the fetus.
Effects on Women
One function main estrogen in fetal development is to maintain the pregnancy. To do this, estrogen, which is produced by the placenta during pregnancy, regulates the production of progesterone.
Progesterone plays many important roles during pregnancy, including preventing the uterus to contract, maintaining a safe environment in the uterus for the baby, promoting breast growth and combating the dangerous cells that may harm the fetus. Since progesterone is so important to the welfare of the fetus, maintaining adequate levels of estrogen is important. In fact, studies have shown that lower estrogen levels during pregnancy are often correlated with miscarriage.
Effects on the fetus
Estrogen is responsible for the growth adequate internal as the lungs and kidneys fetal organs and reproductive organs. In addition, estrogen promotes the growth of the placenta , which is crucial for the proper development of the baby. Maintains uterine blood flow and endometrial help with breastfeeding and regulates fetal bone density. Finally, estrogen protects women within the effects of male hormones.