Today we focus on one aspect of the care of the mother during pregnancy than the obvious aesthetic appearance to become a major health problem that we must address. Discuss in our article today of dental care during pregnancy.
The changes that occur during pregnancy make it more susceptible to future mum to gingivitis and caries. Dental hygiene and nutritional habits that get adequate banish that old myth that every pregnancy does a tooth.
During pregnancy, major changes occur in women at all levels, in physical appearance, in the chemical and psychological. This causes the oral cavity of the pregnant more susceptible to developing dental problems such as gingivitis and caries.
So in dental care in pregnancy, we started focusing on gingivitis. During pregnancy, an increase in hormones called estrogen and prolactin which determine changes in the structures of the whole organism, and among them, especially occurs in tissues of the mouth.
These tissues increase blood flow and suffer a greater ability to undergo inflammatory processes against anything that functions as local external irritants. This increases the likelihood of developing certain disorders like gingivitis can be.
Plaque act more aggressively in a gum whose state is influenced by a number of issues that can occur during pregnancy, such as hormones, poor feeding , changing eating habits or patterns of dental hygiene.
Within the dental care in pregnancy, gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums appear reddened, swollen, sensitive and prone to spontaneous bleeding or small stimuli such as chewing or brushing teeth.
During pregnancy this condition is so common and specific, which is called pregnancy gingivitis. This is evident from the third month of pregnancy. If she previously suffered from gingivitis or periodontal disease worsens during pregnancy, or it may not exist previously and is triggered during this stage.
If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to periodontal disease tissue injury of bone bonding to the tooth, partial bone loss and risk of tooth loss. In a small percentage of a localized increase of the gingiva called observed granuloma, or tumor épulis pregnancy.
The second aspect that we have to observe when we talk about dental care during pregnancy is tooth decay. Tooth decay is also more common during pregnancy. Several authors have studied a change in the bacterial flora of the mouth during this stage.
This point made, together with a greater appetite pregnant by a feeding that weigh heavily the carbohydrates in general and especially sweets carries a significantly increased risk of tooth decay.
Therefore, it should be noted finally, that during this time special care must be followed to maintain oral health. Care that is based not only on the basic rule to keep a careful oral hygiene but also to ensure adequate food.