Diabetics must control their levels of blood sugar carefully during pregnancy to prevent certain birth defects and spontaneous abortions and complications for the mother. Fortunately, diabetic who work with their doctors to control sugar levels in the blood can have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
Type 1 or 2 diabetes
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes should start preparing for pregnancy ahead seeing a doctor and a dietitian. During pregnancy, the sugar in the blood of a diabetic should be more carefully monitored. The Centers for Disease Control indicate that women control their blood sugar six to eight times a day.
About 4 percent of pregnant women suffer gestational diabetes. At 28 weeks of pregnancy, women receive a glucose test. Your doctor will decide if your level of blood sugar is healthy, but many doctors feel that a good level is less than 140 mg of glucose per deciliter of blood plasma (mg / dL). If it is more, do more tests to determine if you have gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes as a warning
Gestational diabetes should go away after a woman gives birth, but women who are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. You can work with your doctor to follow a healthy lifestyle that can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Healthy levels of blood sugar
The levels of blood sugar should be monitored closely for pregnant women with diabetes. According to the Association American Diabetes, a level of healthy blood sugar is between 70 and 130 mg / dL before meals, and less than 180 two hours after starting a meal. It is important to talk about healthy levels of blood sugar your doctor who will decide where they should be your levels of blood sugar and how you control them.
A combination of diet, exercise and medications can go a long way toward control. You can visit the website of the Association American Diabetes for how diabetics are controlling their blood sugar (see Resources).