Pregnancy week by week is 28 weeks gestation. This week highlights the importance of compatilibilidad blood between mother and child. When the mother is Rh negative, you need to be vaccinated with gamma globulin antibody that prevents blood believe it can harm your baby.
The movement of the baby inside will be more evident when traquila or sitting in bed about to fall asleep. Babies seem to enjoy periods of activity of the mother to sleep and calm time to move. Enjoy these moments of relaxation and put music to talk, since studies show that fetuses are able to identify the voice of his mother and the music they hear in their development in the womb.
Changes in the body of pregnant woman
Insomnia at night may start appearing on the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy due to fetal movements and the need to regularly go to the bathroom during the night. Try sleeping on your side, preferably on the left side and when you wake up to start thinking saves to keep his mind occupied, because you report. Dream relieves milk and lemon balm tea or hot lemon recurred.
As the pregnancy progresses, the growing uterus tends to move the stomach and intestine, promoting the passage of gastric juices into the esophagus. And are heat and acidity that occur with the unpleasant burning sensation in the esophagus.
To relieve heartburn and acidity makes five small meals a day, for digestion are lightweight, take the time to sit and chew food, avoid taking fats, spices and cooking spicy foods boiled, steamed or baked . If symptoms persist, consult your doctor as there are some antacid medications that can be taken during pregnancy.
The development and growth of the baby during pregnancy
In the 28th week of pregnancy, your child’s weight is about 1,100 or 1,200 grams and the total length of about 35-37 cm. The central nervous system is still developing and increased brain weight. Have you established patterns of sleep and activity, indicating the development of their brain activity? Acquires control of body temperature and thermoregulation system matures. As for the organ and is fully developed and the ear, the eardrum grows.
In the respiratory system is increased production of the surfactant. It is now possible to exchange gases. If the baby is a boy, the testes descend into the scrotum through the inguinal canal and exit. Begins to have fat under the skin, which gives a rounded and plump.
Until now, the production of red blood cells was carried out by the spleen. From week 28, this function is supported by the bone marrow. The level of the digestive system, stomach and intestine gradually develop more activities. The baby can hiccup.
Kidney, bronchopulmonary secretions, baby skin and digestive secretions contribute to the formation of amniotic fluid isolates the baby out and protect against shock, ensure a constant temperature and serves as a vehicle of movement, essential for muscle development. A sufficient volume of amniotic fluid is essential for the proper development and growth of the fetus.
Health and emotions during pregnancy
In the 28th week of pregnancy should be vaccinated for anti-D gamma globulin if you are Rh negative. The vaccine prevents the creation of antibodies in the blood of the mother.
Also, if you are Rh negative, Rh must determine your child after birth through a blood sample from the umbilical cord. If your baby is Rh positive, receive a vaccine anti-D gamma globulin within 48 hours of delivery to prevent isoinmunizaciones in subsequent pregnancies.
The same vaccine should be given to all Rh negative mothers after invasive diagnostic tests such as chorionic villous sampling, amniocentesis, cordocentesis and fetoscopy. Also in abortion curettage. The injection is intramuscular.
Food and nutrition for pregnant women
The growth of your baby at home with a lot of energy that you provide through the requirements of the placenta. Therefore, carbohydrates should be the basis of your diet because they provide instant energy. They are found in pasta, rice, whole grains, legumes, potatoes and fruits… However, your diet should be varied and includes three groups of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats. You must also provide vitamins and minerals.
And do not forget to include yogurt in your diet because it is an excellent source of calcium and is generally better tolerated than milk fermentation. Yogurt bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermopiles are alive and well, yogurt protects and regulates the intestinal flora. The transformation of lactose (milk sugar) into lactic acid gives yogurt its texture and flavor.
Curiosities of the 28th week of pregnancy
You are on your way to begin with the first partner education courses, formerly known as Childbirth. The objectives are to provide adequate information on the changes of pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal development features, answer questions and alleviate fear is to tackle maternity / paternity leave, to promote healthy life acquisition, the report for general care Newborn (breastfeeding, shower, sleep …).
Couple Participation in these courses is beneficial for pregnant women felt relationships and participation supported and strengthened both in the process help build their new identity as a parent. Also, learn to know the changes of pregnancy, stages of labor and neonatal care that can provide security and trust, and can share their fears and concerns with other parents.